The Koshinetsu region, located in central Japan, consists of three prefectures. The name Koshinetsu is an abbreviation of old names of the three prefectures. Yamanashi (“Ko”), Nagano (“Shin”) and Niigata (Etsu). Niigata is situated along the Japan Sea coast in the north, while Yamanashi and Nagano are landlocked located in the south of the region. The area is mountainous in general, with 3,000-meter mountain ranges and Mt. Fuji located in Yamanashi. It is a popular destination for skiing, outdoor activities, fruits picking and hot springs.